This is information for chapter 13.

By the end of the lesson, students should:

- Describe the nature of equilibrium, systems.
- Calculate values of reaction quotients and equilibrium constants, using concentrations and pressures
- Derive reaction quotients from chemical equations representing homogeneous and heterogeneous reactions
- Relate the magnitude of an equilibrium constant to properties of the chemical system
- Describe the ways in which an equilibrium system can be stressed
- Predict the response of a stressed equilibrium using Le Châtelier’s principle
- Write equations representing changes in concentration and pressure for chemical species in equilibrium systems
- Use algebra to perform equilibrium calculation